European plaice is caught with a variety of gear including Danish seine, bottom trawl, bottom gillnet and bottom longline. Bottom trawls and Danish seines can cause damage to seafloor habitats, especially in areas where cold-water corals and sponges live. However, Danish seines are generally operated only on sandy seafloors, which are resilient to damage and recover faster. Set gears, such as bottom gillnets and bottom longlines, have a moderate effect on seafloor habitat. In Iceland, plaice is primarily caught in mixed fisheries for cod, haddock, redfish, saithe and other species. BycatchGlossary rates for the fisheries are not known, although it's important to note that Iceland has policies in place to reduce the wasteful discard of accidentally captured marine life.